Greenland has a polar climate due to its proximity to the North Pole, with regional differences due to its large north-south extension of about 1200 kilometres. The climate is mainly influenced by the surrounding ocean currents. The East Greenland Current transports cold water of Arctic origin along the east coast to the south. Together with the midnight sun warming in the north, this ensures that in summer it is usually cooler in the south than in the north. On the west coast, the warm Irminger Stream, part of the Gulf Stream, brings mild temperatures and ice-free waters all year round. In the interior of Greenland, the climate is much more continental. In the summer it is possible to reach 20 degrees, while in the winter it can get very cold. The largest amounts of precipitation go down in the summer months.
The best time to explore the country is from mid-July to early September. In winter, ski resorts, snowmobile tours, dog sledding and aurora borealis observation are all on offer. However, you should keep in mind that from November to February it can be very dark and very cold.