Nicaragua, the largest state in Central America, has a predominantly tropical climate with only slight seasonal temperature fluctuations. The respective temperatures depend mainly on the altitude of the region. In areas up to about 700 meters altitude, the average maximum temperatures are between 30 and 34 degrees and the lowest between 20 and 24 degrees. In the central highlands (about 750 to 1600 metres above sea level), average maximums of 24 to 28 and minimums between 13 and 16 degrees are reached. At even higher altitudes it gets cooler accordingly. The annual precipitation amounts vary regionally very strongly. On the Caribbean coast and east of the highlands the largest amount of rain falls due to humid trade winds with up to 4000 mm per square meter. The dry season lasts only from February to April. To the west of the highlands and the Pacific the rainfall in the rain shadow is much lower. Up to 1500 mm are registered in the whole year. There is a dry season from November to April.
The best time to travel to Nicaragua is during the drier months of November to April. If you want to explore the rainforests of the Caribbean lowlands, you should choose February, March or April. In the period from July to October, the country can be on the track of a hurricane.